International Affairs, Peace & Human Security
"Beyond 11 September: Assessing Global Implications"
28 November - 1 December 2001
Annex II

Notes on Issues of International Political Economy Raised by September 11

There is widespread agreement that the terrorist attacks on the WTC and the Pentagon will permanently change international political relations.

An important question is how to classify the terrorist attacks: as a devastating attack in an undeclared war or as a gigantic criminal act? If the latter, then there are many implications for the appropriate response: including that the terrorists are not dignified by being described as warriors and that the appropriate response is to aim to bring the perpetrators to justice, rather than to automatically launch attacks on countries where terrorists might be hiding.

Immediate economic implications

Strategic implications Potential Action